A brief on Chinese teaching in Hungary
Hungarian Chinese teaching began in the 1950s, after more than half a century of development, the Chinese language has now entered the Hungarian national education system of primary and secondary schools.The University of Roland offers chinese language courses, and the University of Cavenies, the Faculty of Foreign Trade, the University of Seged, the University of Debrecen and the Faculty of Buddhism in Famen offer courses in Chinese.The Hungarian-Chinese Bilingual School is the only public school in Europe that teaches both local and Chinese, and is a sign of the entry of Chinese into the primary and secondary schools of the Hungarian national education system.Last year, Chinese entered the class of Roland University's affiliated middle school as a compulsory course in the second foreign language.It basically formed the Chinese teaching system which took the Hungarian-Chinese bilingual school as the starting stage and the secondary school attached to Roland University as the transition stage, and then entered the Department of East Asian Studies of Roland University to study Chinese language and literature.
The main Chinese language teaching institutions facing the community are the Confucius Institute at Roland University and the Oriental Language School.At present, the Confucius Institute at Roland University offers Chinese courses in eight universities and more than 10 secondary schools in Hungary, and plans to open Confucius Classrooms at foreign universities so that Chinese can be studied anywhere in Hungary.Confucius Institutes not only offer Chinese language courses for students of all ages, but also help the community learn Chinese.For example, to provide chinese language learning courses for employees to enterprises, chinese language training courses in government departments, etc.
The Oriental Language School is the largest Chinese language training institution in Hungary and an important position for the spread of Chinese in Hungary, mainly to absorb Hungarians interested in Chinese and Chinese culture in the society.The organization holds the Spring Festival evening every year, lion dance, tai chi and other Chinese talent show, is an important window for Hungarians to experience Chinese culture.
At present, Hungarian Chinese teachers are composed of three parts:
1. Chinese teachers and volunteers sent by Hanban
At present, the State Hanban sent a total of 20 Chinese teachers and volunteers working in the local area, including 4 teachers of Confucius Institutes and 16 volunteers.They are the backbone of local Chinese teaching, undertake a large number of teaching tasks, teaching results, the trust of learners and parents, and strongly guide and promote the development of local Chinese teaching.
2. Overseas Chinese teachers
This is the main component of local Chinese teachers, they usually have teaching experience in the country, combined with the hungarian teaching practice, accumulated a wealth of first-line teaching experience.However, most lack of formal second language teaching professional background, teaching level is uneven.The mobility of personnel is high, which causes instability in teaching, which can only play a transitional role at present.
3, local teachers
At present, there are more than 10 native Hungarian teachers, which is the new force of Hungarian Chinese teachers.Hungarian Chinese teachers have systematically studied Chinese language knowledge, have a doctor's or master's degree, most have studied in China for a long time or a short period of time, from before teaching to participate in the assessment, received the Hungarian education department issued a language teacher qualification certificate.They can communicate effectively with local Chinese learners and adopt appropriate teaching methods from the learner's point of view to guide learners to learn Chinese effectively.